Friday, October 30, 2015

Food in the Middle Ages

Imagine you’re the cook of the Manor. Lord Robert and Lady Flora have guests and they’ve asked you to prepare a MENU for the venue: breakfast before the hunt, lunch after the hunt was over and dinner before the music concert.

You can do some research clicking the following links:

Medieval food and cooking 
Medieval life and times 
Medieval plus -food and cooking
British Library
Food and drink in the Middle Ages

Monday, October 26, 2015

Economía y sociedad en la España del siglo XIX

The Feudal System

For tomorrow's class, complete the following questions:

a. Draw a diagram to show each group (pyramid)
b. Is the Feudal system equal?
c. Who had the worst life? Why?
d. Who helped the king fight his enemies?
e. What would happen if a knight refused to fight for his lord?
f. Why is loyalty so important if the system is to function well?

Friday, October 23, 2015

'History of Britain': Victorian era and Industrialization

Feudal Society- Glossary (i)

Manor (feudo) An estate in land, which is an interest in real property that is or may become a possesion.// The basic feudal unit of tenure and is historically connected with the territorial divisions of the mark, parish and township.
Demesne (dominio) all the land, not necessarily all contiguous to the manor house, which was retained by a lord of the manor for his own use and support, under his own management
Villain (villano) a peasant (tenant farmer) who was legally tied to the land he worked on. A villain could not leave the land without the landowner's consent
Serf (siervo) It was a condition of bondage or modified slavery. Serfdom included the labour of serfs occupying a plot of land owned by a lord of the manor in return for protection and justice and the right to exploit certain fields within the manor to maintain their own subsistence.
Servant (sirviente) domestic worker (a man, woman or child) who works within the employer's household. They perform a variety of household services for an individual or a family
Butler (mayordomo) A butler is a domestic worker in a large household. the household is sometimes divided into departments with the butler in charge of the dining room, wine cellar (bodega), and pantry (despensa).

What were the Middle Ages?

Saturday, October 17, 2015

The rise of the workers movement GLOSSARY

Anarchist: people who advocate societies with no state organization, based on equally voluntary associations -hence, their opposition to any type of political organization or participation.
Capitalism: a system where individuals are encouraged to use their talent and money to run businesses that make themselves richer.
Capitalist: people who believe in an economic system in which the production and distribution of goods depend on private money and profit making.
Communist: a person or political party that seeks a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person is paid and works accordingly to his or her needs and abilities.
Industrial Revolution: the time of great change in Britain when people began to make goods by using machines in factories (c.1750-1830).
Luddites were 19th-century English textile artisans who violently protested against the machinery introduced during the Industrial Revolution that made possible to replace them with less-skilled, low-wage labourers, leaving them without work. The movement was named after Ned Ludd and it began in 1811 in Nottingham.
Marxism: set of ideas resulting from the work of K. Marx and F. Engels, that advocate for revolution as the only way to end class struggle (workers vs. bourgeoisie) and destroy capitalism, in order to establish a communist society.
Revolution: a big and speedy change.
Riot: a violent disturbance where a crowd of people gets out of control.
Socialist: a person who believes that a community's interests are more important than those of any individual.
Trade union: a group of people who join together to improve their pay or working conditions.

The rise of the worker's movement

Thursday, October 15, 2015

Glossary: Early Middle ages (ii)

Basileus (basileus) Name of the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire. He commanded the army and government, and he was also the religious leader
East-West Schism (Cisma Este-Oeste) Split in the unity of the Church -separation between Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church in 1054
Rite (rito) A religious ceremony
Justinian Code (Código Justiniano) A collection of books containing all the old Roman laws, as well as new laws that Emperor Justinian (527-565) introduced. The laws of many European countries are still based on the principles of the Code.
Mosaic (mosaico) A complex artistic technique consisting of inserting small pieces of different coloured stone, glass or ceramics into a flat surface in order to create an image.
Homage (homenaje) A ceremony in which a noble promised to be loyal and obedient to a king or more powerful noble
Vassal (vasallo) A person who paid homage to a king or more powerful noble in return for protection or land

Friday, October 9, 2015

Byzantine Empire

Byzantine Empire from maggiesalgado

(click on the image to enlarge)

Read the TWO photocopies about the Byzantine Empire and answer:
1)           What happened during the 6th Century in the Byzantine Empire?
2)           What type of leader was Justinian? (characteristics)
3)           List Justinian most important achievements
4)           Complete activity 2 on page 10

Friday, October 2, 2015

Industrial Revolution: Glossary

artisan: a skilled manual worker
cash crops: crops such as cotton, grown not for food but to be sold to process
cholera: a disease carried in water supplies contaminated by sewage. It is usually fatal
colony/es: a country ruled by another country
division of labour: the division of work into specialised tasks, each performed by a different person or group
domestic system: the main system of making goods before the Industrial Revolution. People worked in their own homes
engineer: a person who plans and builds machines, roads, etc.
entrepreneur: someone who makes money from establishing a business
export: transporting and selling goods that are made in certain country (e.g. Britain) abroad
factory: a building or grop of building with facilities and machinery for the manufacture of goods
import: when goods are brought into a country (e.g. Britain) from abroad
industrial: to do with industry, i.e. how people make things, especially in factories
Industrial Revolution: the time of great change when people began to make goods in factories using machines
invested: put money into a company to make a profit
loom: machine for weaving cloth
maufacturer: a factory owner, or someone who produces goods
markets: countries or areas of countries where traders sell their goods
marling: adding lime and clay
middle class: in effect, peoplewho are not working class but earn a living, e.g. doctors, businessmen, shopkeepers
patented: registered an invention so that no one else can copy it without paying money to the inventor
pauper: a very poor person who cannot support himself/ helself
polluted: made dirty
population: the number of people in a certain place
raw materials: natural materials such as coal or cotton which have to be turned into finished goods in a factory
sewage: the waste matter which goes through a sewer
sewer: a drain to carry away refuse and human excrement
slum: a dirty, overcrowded building or area
spindle: a rod which holds the thread in spinning
textile: woven cloth

Germanic Peoples: Homework

Answer the following questions using the map, the powerpoints, the photocopy and your notes from the game today:

1) Did the Germanic people live in cities?
2) Were they all warriors and soldiers?
3) What did Germanic soldiers look like? (use the slides)
4) Were they all Christians?
5)  Did they all dislike the Romans?
6) Why did they migrate?